Trentino Agreement

The special autonomy of Trentino (and neighbouring South Adige, which includes the Trentino Autonomous Region of Trentino Haut-Adige) was born from an agreement between Italy and Austria signed on 5 September 1946 in Paris by Alcide Degasperi, then Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, and Karl Gruber, Austrian Foreign Minister. The text of the statute was approved by the Italian Constitutional Assembly (charged with drafting the Constitution of the Post-Fascist Republic of Italy) and was subsequently adopted by Constitutional Law 5, adopted on 26 February 1948. Trentino and Sdtirol generally regard this status as the first status of autonomy to distinguish it from the second statute adopted in 1972. As we have seen, it is constitutional in nature, based on a peace agreement between two sovereign states signed after two world wars). The origin of our autonomy goes back centuries and consists of complex events, traditions, bourgeois customs and rules that communities have developed and jealously guarded during their many political and social upheavals. And this explains the attitude of the Trentinos on the issue of autocracy to do things their own way: it is not a case of selfish isolation, on the contrary, they have always dialogued with the world beyond its borders, from remote border regions to the government of Rome. and, in fact, to the European Union. On October 21, 1939, Adolf Hitler and Mussolini agreed on the assimilation of German minorities in the province. Members of these two linguistic communities had to choose until 31 December 1939 between staying in Italy and losing all minority rights or emigrating to Nazi Germany, the so-called “option for Germany”. The language nones comes from the non valley and is considered by some linguists as a ladine variant. [Citation required] Estimates range from up to 30,000 speakers. The language of Solandro is also discussed to find out whether it is a Ladin dialect or a proper language. Native speakers are mainly available in the La Sole Valley and are estimated at 15,000.

Both idioms are considered dialects in the field of Gallo-Roman languages. There is not yet an official census of nones and Solandro as officially distinct languages. The total number of Ladin spokespeople in the 2001 census exceeds the population by about 7,500 in the Fassa Valley. A number of speakers from Nones and Solandro who have been identified as Ladin speakers, while others have chosen not to exercise this option, as it is not a ladine language or a separate idiom. The South Tyrol Option Agreement (German: option in South Tyrol; In Italian: Opzioni in South Tyrol) was an agreement in force between 1939 and 1943, when native German speakers from Upper Adige and three municipalities in Belluno province had the opportunity to emigrate either to neighbouring Nazi Germany (including Austria after the annexation in 1938), or to Fascist Italy, and to find themselves forcibly in Italian culture. to lose their language and cultural heritage.

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